Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti 2022 | Famous Indian Leader
Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti:- Subhash Chandra Bose is well known as the great freedom fighter of India and the caretaker of the Azad Hind Army. Due to his fearless and inspirational contribution to the freedom struggle, his birthday i.e. 23 January is celebrated with enthusiasm all over the country as ‘Parakram Diwas’. He was born on 23 January 1897 in Orissa. His father’s name was Janaki Nath Bose who was an eminent lawyer of that time. His mother’s name was Prabhavati. The spirit of patriotism was full of patriotism in Subhash, he was strongly against the injustice and atrocities being done by the British on Indians.
Slogans ‘You give me blood, I will give you freedom’ and ‘Jai Hind’ were given by Subhash Chandra Bose, who inspired the people of India for patriotism.
On this occasion of Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti, various cultural programs are organized in his memory by paying respect to Netaji’s works and efforts made for freedom. On this occasion, dignitaries and people from all over the country pay homage to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
Why is Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti celebrated?:-
Subhas Chandra Bose has a great contribution in the independence of India. He maintained the spirit of the fiery leadership of independence in India under his revolutionary works. The Azad Hind Fauj formed by him made an important effort to free various parts of the country from the British rule. Through his excellent diplomacy, he contacted many countries of Europe and obtained cooperation from them in the Indian freedom struggle.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the major revolutionaries in the Indian freedom struggle like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad etc. Even though he had chosen the path of violence for the independence of the country, but his works have an important contribution in the independence of India. This is the reason that in view of his valuable contribution to the independence of India, his birth anniversary on 23rd January or Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti is celebrated with great pomp across the country.
How is Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti celebrated?
Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January. Therefore, every year this day (Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti) is celebrated as his birth anniversary. On this day, garlanding is done by politicians, special guests, and the general public on their monuments and statues at different places of the country. Along with this, many types of events are also organized in schools on this day. In which along with taking out a rally by the children, programs like speech and essay on the life of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose are also participated. The grandest arrangements for this day are made in West Bengal. Where many cultural and social programs are organized on this day, many types of health camps, training camps, free food camps are organized. For the past few years, there has been a demand by the supporters and admirers of Subhash Chandra Bose to declare this day as a love day. (Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti)
Significance of Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti:-
Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti has its own significance. This day reminds us of the great work done by Subhash Chandra Bose, how he sacrificed everything for the sake of the country. He had a lot of love for his country and did a lot of work for its independence. In this freedom struggle, he had to spend his life in exile, living away from his country and finally in 1942 his hard work paid off and he established the Azad Hind Fauj in South-East Asia to liberate India from the British. Of. Who played an important role in weakening the British rule in India, still remembering him by the people of the country for the same work done by him in the national interest. Special programs are organized in his honor to celebrate Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti.
The early life of Subhash Chandra Bose (Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti):-
Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Orissa (known as Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti). His father’s name was Janaki Nath Bose who was an eminent lawyer of that time. His mother’s name was Prabhavati. He was the 9th child out of 14 children of Janakinath Bose and Shrimati Prabhavati Devi. Subhash Chandra’s father Jankinath was a famous lawyer at that time, many people were influenced by his advocacy, let us tell you that earlier he was a government lawyer, after that he started a private practice. After this, he also worked for a long time in the Municipal Corporation of Cuttack and he was also a member of the Bengal Legislative Assembly. He was also given the title of Rai Bahadur by the British. Subhas Chandra Bose had inherited patriotism from his father.
In January 1902, Subhash Chandra Bose joined the Protestant European School. After this, he took admission in Renwensha Collegiate School and then Presidency College in 1913 after obtaining second class in matriculation examination. His nationalist character came in the middle of his studies, due to which he was expelled from the school. After this, he did B.A. in Philosophy from Scottish Church College (University of Calcutta). To complete it took admission in 1918. (Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti)
In 1919, he went to England’s Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge School to appear in the civil examination. He was selected with the attainment of fourth place in the civil examination, but he refused to work under the British government. He resigned (resignation) from civil service and came to India where he started publishing Swarajya newspaper for the promotion of Congress Committee of Bengal province. In 1937, he secretly married Emilie Schenkel (daughter of an Austrian veterinarian) in Austria.
Political Life of Subhash Chandra Bose (Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti):-
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose came out of jail in 1927, after which he developed his political career by giving a basis. Soon he became the General Secretary of the Congress Party and start serving Indian. Subhash Chandra Bose was leaving his influence on the people with his works, so after 3 years, he was elected as the Mayor of Calcutta. In the mid-1930s, Netaji traveled across Europe, including Benito Mussolini. With his works, Netaji had made a different image among the people in a few years, along with he had brought a young mind, due to which he became the favorite of the people and national leader as a youth leader. (Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti)
All India Forward Bloc:-
On 22 June 1939, he merged his political career with the Forward Bloc. Muthuralingam Thevar was his great political supporter, he organized a huge rally in Mumbai on 6 September when Subhash Chandra Bose reached Mumbai. From 1941–1943, he lived in Berlin. He said “You give me blood, and I will give you freedom!” Like led the Azad Hind Fauj through his famous slogan. On 6 July 1944, he called Mahatma Gandhi the “Father of the Nation” in his speech, which was broadcast by the Singapore Azad Hind Fauj. Another famous slogan of his was “Delhi Chalo” ina. to encourage the armies of Another slogan commonly used by him is “Jai Hind”, “Bharat ki Jai Ho!” Which was later adopted by the Government of India and the Indian Armies.
In the year 2007, on his visit to the Subhas Chandra Bose Memorial Hall in Kolkata on 23rd August, the Prime Minister of Japan (Shinzo Abe) had said that the freedom movement launched in India under the leadership of Subhas Chandra Bose to get freedom from the rule of the British government. Since then the Japanese have been greatly encouraged by their determination. Subhash Chandra Bose is a very loving personality and favorite name in Japan.
Netaji had to undergo punishment in jail:-
During World War II, Subhas Chandra Bose advocated mass civil disobedience in protest against the decision of Viceroy Lord Linlithgow to go to war on India’s side without consulting the Congress leadership. Because of his decision, he had to serve 7 days in jail and had to face 40 days of house arrest. On the 41st day of house arrest, Subhas Chandra Bose left his home in the guise of a cleric to go to Germany and reached Germany via Afghanistan, the Soviet Union, Moscow, and Rome under the name Orlando Mazzotta on an Italian passport.
Netaji’s Ideology did not match with Mahatma Gandhi (Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti):-
During a meeting of the Congress, there was a difference of opinion between the people of some new and old ideologies, where the views of Subhash Chandra Bose and Gandhi Ji were also completely different. Subhas Ji did not agree with Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violent ideology, his thinking was a youth thinking, who also believed in violence. The ideology of both was different but the aim was to liberate slave India.
Along with forming his cabinet, Bose also fought the differences in the Indian National Congress. Bose had also defeated Pattabhi Sitarayya (Gandhi’s chosen candidate) in the 1939 Congress Presidential elections, but his presidency could not continue for long as his belief system was contrary to that of the Congress Working Committee.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Death (Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti):-
Frustrated by the defeat of the Azad Hind Fauj, Netaji plans to travel to Russia to seek help. But on 18 August 1945, Subhash Chandra Bose’s plane crashed in Taiwan, due to which he died. At present, Netaji’s body was not found, as well as no evidence of that accident was found, so the death of Subhash Chandra Bose is still a matter of controversy and is the biggest doubt in Indian history.
Books are written by Subhash Chandra Bose:-
Subhas Chandra Bose was as much a skilled organist and a personality capable of leading, as much as the skill of expressing ideas through pen was inherent in him. In this context, some of the books written by him were very famous in the public mind of the time, here we are presenting the details of some such books to you.
- The Indian Struggle 1920 – 1942
- An Indian Pilgrim
- Congress President
- Azad Hind:- Writing and Speeches
- Essential Writings of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
- Alternative leadership
- The Call of the Motherland