Shaheed Diwas / Martyr’s Day 2022 | Famous Historic Day
Shaheed Diwas:- Martyrs Day is celebrated to remember and honour the freedom fighters who fought very bravely for the nation and sacrificed their lives for the country. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged on 23 March 1931. To liberate India, these brave sons had laughed and kissed the noose of the gallows, hence this day is called Martyr’s Day (Shaheed Diwas). The hanging of Bhagat Singh and his companions Rajguru and Sukhdev is one of the biggest losses in our country’s history. The nation always salutes their martyrdom.
These great sons of India were hanged by the British government in Lahore jail. The sacrifice of these freedom fighters can never be forgotten. The British had hanged all three of them before the due date. All three were to be hanged on March 24. But in view of the public anger in the country, they were secretly hanged a day before. The entire execution process was kept secret. Martyr’s Day (Shaheed Diwas) is celebrated in India on 23 March. This day, celebrated as Martyr’s Day, is considered a dark day for Indian history, but these heroes who sacrificed their lives in the freedom struggle are our ideals. Martyrs Day (Shaheed Diwas) is celebrated every year on 23 March in India to pay tribute to the martyrdom of these heroes who valiantly sacrificed their lives for the country.
What is Martyr’s Day (Shaheed Diwas)?:-
Martyrs Day which is also known as Shaheed Diwas is celebrated to remember and honour the freedom fighters who fought very bravely for the nation and sacrificed their lives for the country. Martyrs Day (Shaheed Diwas) is also celebrated in India on 30 January, 23 March, 21 October, 17 November, 19 November and 27 May, but mainly 2 dates of Martyr are more known and celebrated across the country. The first Martyrs’ Day (Shaheed Diwas) is celebrated on 30 January which is also known as Sarvodaya Divas or Shaheed Diwas, and the 02nd Shaheed Diwas is celebrated on 23 March.
Why Martyr’s Day (Shaheed Diwas) is celebrated on 23rd March?:-
The three heroes who played an important role in giving freedom to our country – Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged by the British government on 23 March 1931 at 7:23 pm. Martyrs’ Day (Shaheed Diwas) is celebrated every year on the death anniversary of these martyrs who laid down their lives for the country with this bravery at such a young age. All these three are the source of inspiration for the youth of India. These youths of India had taken a different path from Bapu but it was for the welfare of the country.
Why were Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev hanged? (Shaheed Diwas):-
Bhagat Singh was a great Indian freedom fighter who always wanted that there should be no bloodshed and his voice should reach the British. Therefore, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb at an empty place in the Central Assembly on 8 April 1929 by planning. Actually, this whole incident happened because of the incident that shook the British rule of Indian revolutionaries. On 8 April 1929, a bomb was thrown in the Central Assembly in protest against the Public Safety and Trade Dispute Bill under the leadership of Chandrashekhar Azad. In fact, as soon as the announcement of the bill was made, Bhagat Singh along with his colleagues threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly, raising the slogan of Inquilab Zindabad. Along with that bomb, he also threw some pamphlets, in which it was written – man can be killed, not his idea. Big empires collapse but ideas live on forever and a loud voice is necessary to hear the deaf. (Shaheed Diwas)
Because of these incidents, the British government arrested them and later he was charged with the murder of British police officer JP Saunders and the court has given all three Freedom Fighters the death sentence. According to the court order, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were to be hanged on March 24, 1931, at around 8 am. But due to the increasing popularity of Bhagat Singh and other revolutionaries and the revolt on March 24, the British government hanged all three of them on March 23, 1931, at around 7:33 pm and did not give the dead bodies to their relatives and burnt all three bodies overnight at the bank of Sutlej River. (Shaheed Diwas)
Shaheed Diwas / Martyr’s Day History:-
In Lahore (Pakistan), on this day i.e. 23 March 1931, all three (Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev) were hanged for the murder of John Saunders in 1928. They mistakenly understood Saunders as the British Superintendent of Police, James Scott, who had ordered the Lathi charge in which Lala Lajpat Rai was killed. Apart from this, 30 January is also celebrated as Martyrs’ Day in memory of Mahatma Gandhi.
How is Martyr’s Day (Shaheed Diwas) celebrated?:-
On the occasion of Martyrs’ Day (23 March), the whole country remembers the sacrifices of the martyrs and bows to them. The dignitaries of the country gather together and offer flowers to the statues of the martyrs. At the same time, the soldiers of the armed forces of the country give a respectful salute to the martyrs. Apart from this, on the day of Martyrs’ Day (Shaheed Diwas), the President of India, Vice President, Prime Minister etc. pay homage to Bapu’s Samadhi at Raj Ghat in Delhi by garlanding flowers and saluting by the armed forces. After this, all observe the silence of 2 minutes in memory of all martyrs.
Importance of Martyr’s Day (Shaheed Diwas):-
The people of the present times hardly have any idea of how many years the country got independence after struggling. And to get this freedom, how many of our brave sons had to sacrifice their lives. In such a situation, awareness is created among the people by celebrating the occasions like Martyr’s Day. By celebrating this day we can remember them and their sacrifices which is very needed to our generation. It will help us to understand the value of our country.