Savitribai Phule Jayanti 2022 | Famous Day
Savitribai Phule Jayanti:- Savitribai Phule, who dedicated her entire life to education, empowerment and social upliftment. In the nineteenth century, the credit of first awakening the light of female education in India goes to her. Challenging the inequalities prevailing in the society, the seeds of women’s education planted by Savitribai Phule, are getting transformed into a huge tree day by day. Savitribai Phule is considered the first female teacher of the country. She is also known as the Adi Poetry of Marathi. Let us, through this article, get a brief introduction to the life journey of Savitri Bai Phule, the pioneer of women’s education.
Savitribai Phule was born in 1831 in Naigaon, Maharashtra. Everyone in her family used to do farming. She got married at a very young age, when she was just only 9 years old, she was married to 12-year-old Jyotirao Phule in 1840. Savitribai Phule was the first woman teacher of the country and the first leader of the women’s liberation movement, who, with the support of her husband Jyotiba Phule, laid the foundation of women’s education in the country. She established the country’s first women’s school in Pune in 1848. Savitribai Phule was strongly opposed to caste discrimination, apartheid and gender discrimination. (Savitribai Phule Jayanti)
Savitribai, the founder of the country’s first girls’ school (Savitribai Phule Jayanti):-
Savitribai Phule herself did remarkable work for the spread of women’s education after being educated. The first girls’ school in the country was started in Pune in the year 1848 by Savitribai so that girls could get basic education from childhood. She started eighteen such schools across the country dedicated to girl’s education. In the nineteenth century, Savitribai took the initiative to awaken the light of education. There were various challenges in front of her on this path. In those times when it was difficult for women to even cross the threshold of the house, Savitribai would go to teach women. Requesting the general public to send the girls of their house to school. In order to obstruct this work, many people made various ill-fated efforts including throwing dirt on her, intimidation, but Savitribai’s courage did not diminish. (Savitribai Phule Jayanti)
Married life (Savitribai Phule Jayanti):–
Born on January 3, 1831, in Naigaon of Satara district of Maharashtra, Savitribai had an attraction for education since childhood. In those days there was no emphasis on women’s education. Women did not have the freedom to study. In such a situation, Savitri’s mind started pulling towards books. Despite strong resistance from family members, his desire to study did not diminish. Due to her keen interest in the study, her family decided to fix her marriage and Savitri was married to Jyotiba Phule only at the age of nine. Savitri’s study gained momentum with the encouragement and support of Jyotiba Phule. After completing her studies, she participated in teacher training and thus the country got the first female teacher. (Savitribai Phule Jayanti)
The life of Savitribai Phule was dedicated to the upliftment of the underprivileged and women (Savitribai Phule Jayanti):-
Savitribai continued to work for the advancement of the weaker sections of society and for the empowerment of women throughout her life. On 28 January 1853, she established a centre for the protection of women, and named that centre as “Child Killing Prohibition Home”. This was an effective initiative of Savitribai to stop female infanticide. In this work of social awakening, she got ample support from her husband Jyotiba Phule. The Phule couple founded the Satyashodhak Samaj on 24 September 1873. Their aim was to get widow marriage in the society, eradicate untouchability, and educate women. She advocated widow remarriage by breaking social stereotypes and got the country’s first widow remarriage done on 25 December 1873. Savitri Bai Phule is revered as the first poet of the Marathi language. Her poems were written in Marathi, which was also translated into other languages. She was a strong advocate of universal values such as humanism, equality, liberty, rationalism, fraternity and the importance of education among others. (Savitribai Phule Jayanti)
How did she become Social Reformer? (Savitribai Phule Jayanti):-
The condition of Indian women during the nineteenth century was very pathetic. While on the one hand women were facing the brunt of male domination, on the other hand, they were compelled to bear various kinds of tortures and atrocities due to the conservative thinking of the society. The situation was so bad that it was not easy for women to even talk with a veil over their heads, crossing the door of the house. The self-respect and dignity of the women who had been wounded for a long time by the double whammy were completely destroyed. They had accepted the wrong treatment being done to them by society as their fate. In these odd conditions, Dalit women were suffering the life of hell due to untouchability. In such a critical time, Savitribai Phule made a strenuous effort by becoming a social reformer to free women from social exploitation and for their equal education and opportunities. (Savitribai Phule Jayanti)
When is Savitribai Phule Jayanti in 2022:-
On the occasion of Savitribai Phule Jayanti, we have seen a special celebration everywhere in India especially in Maharashtra. According to the calendar, Savitribai Phule Jayanti is celebrated on 03rd January every year.
Savitribai’s short biography (Savitribai Phule Jayanti):-
Mrs Savitribai, the country’s first female teacher, social worker, the first poet in Marathi and the voice of the underprivileged, was born on January 3, 1831, in a Dalit farming family in Naigaon, located on the Pune-Satara road in Maharashtra. Her father’s name was Khandoji Neves and her mother’s name was Lakshmibai. In 1840, at the age of 9, Savitribai was married to 13-year-old Jyotirao Phule. Savitribai used to work as both an educational reformer and a social reformer. She used to do all this work especially for the development of women in British India. In the 19th century, it was the tradition of Hindus to get married at an early age. That is why at that time many women became widows at a young age, and according to religious traditions, women were not remarried. In 1881, it was seen in the gazette of Kolhapur that after becoming a widow, women had to cut their hair at that time, and had to live a very simple life. (Savitribai Phule Jayanti)
Savitribai and Jyotirao wanted such women to get their due. In view of this, he started agitating against the barbers and saved the widowed women from getting their hair cut. At that time, women were subjected to a lot of atrocities due to lack of social security, in which at some places, women were physically abused by the members of the house. Pregnant women were aborted many times, and many women started committing suicide due to fear of having a daughter.
Once Jyotirao prevented a woman from committing suicide and made her promise to give her his name as soon as the child is born. Savitribai also ordered that woman to stay in her house and also served the pregnant woman. Savitribai and Jyotirao adopted that child and named him Yashwantrao. Yashwantrao grew up and became a doctor. In view of the atrocities on women, Savitribai and Jyotirao established a centre for the protection of women, and named their centre as “Child Killing Prohibition Home”. Savitribai used to serve women wholeheartedly and wanted all the children to be born in her own house. (Savitribai Phule Jayanti)
Savitribai did not do any kind of apartheid or caste discrimination in the house, she used to treat all pregnant women equally. Savitribai Phule was the first Indian social reformer of the 19th century and made an important contribution to the development of women’s rights in India. Savitribai Phule’s adopted son Yashwantrao had opened a hospital to treat patients on a global scale in 1897. His hospital is located at Sasane Mala in Hadapsar, Pune. His hospital is located in an open natural place. In her hospital, Savitribai herself took care of each and every patient, providing them with various facilities. In this way, while treating patients, she herself became ill one day. And due to this, she died on 10 March 1897.
Savitribai is the great heroine of the whole country. Apart from this, when Savitribai Phule used to leave her house to teach, people used to throw mud, garbage and even cow dung on her. So she used to carry a sari in her bag and after reaching school used to change the soiled sari. Her this approach and thinking gives very good motivation to keep walking on your path. (Savitribai Phule Jayanti)