Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti 2021 | Famous Hindu Festival
Valmiki Jayanti is one of the famous Hindu festivals celebrated every year in the month of Ashwin on full moon day. Every year special programs are organized on Valmiki Jayanti across the country. This day is celebrated in memory of Maharishi Valmiki’s birth anniversary. Valmiki Ji also known as Maharishi who is the author of Ramayana. The Ramayana, written in the Sanskrit language by Maharishi Valmiki, is considered the oldest. By the way, there are different opinions regarding the birth of Valmiki. Valmiki ji was born at Varun and Charshini house who was the son of Maharishi Kashyap and Aditi.
The Varun was the 9th son of Maharishi Kashyap. Maharishi Valmiki is also known as the creator of the first verse. It is said that once a time when Valmiki Ji was doing meditation and he was so deep depth of the meditation that a lot of termites had climbed on him because he had not done any movement for a long time. But the wonder is that the termites couldn’t impact his meditation because he lost in the depth of meditation.
Who was Maharishi Valmiki (Valmiki Jayanti)?
Valmiki is also known as Ratnakar. It is said that a Bhilani stole him in his childhood and did his nurture, and later he became a dacoit. While doing robing and other sins that Ratnakar realized soon that the path which he has chosen is the wrong path, and he needs to choose a good path and has to leave the wrong deeds. He had also consulted with Narad Ji about this, then Narad Ji asked him to chant the name of Ram. And he got engrossed in the Lord and went on a good path and started doing penance by living as an ascetic. However, Brahma was very pleased with his sadhana and gave him knowledge which gave him the ability to write Ramayana.
Why the Valmiki Jayanti is celebrated?
Maharishi Valmiki was born in Treta Yuga. Valmiki Jayanti is celebrated on his birth anniversary. The life of Valmiki Ji shows the way to walk on the path of good deeds and devotion by giving up bad deeds. Valmiki Jayanti is celebrated to spread this message to every person. On the occasion of Valmiki Jayanti, people take processions in many places. Bhandara is also organized on this day at many places across the country.
Significance of Maharshi Valmiki Jayanti:-
This festival of Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti is celebrated because of the creation of Hindu scriptures and Puranas by him. Epic like Ramayana has also been composed by him, this is the reason why he is also called Adikavi i.e. the first author. This festival is also very important spiritually and religiously because Maharishi Valmiki is also a very good teacher, theologian, and author.
This is the reason why Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti is celebrated with great pomp by students and teachers as well because he has the status of a very wise person in Hinduism and for giving us the gift of epic like Ramayana. We should express our gratitude to them and keeping the importance of this birth anniversary, we should celebrate it every year with great pomp.
When is Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti 2021:-
On the occasion of the Valmiki Jayanti, we have seen a special celebration in many places of India. According to the Hindu Panchang, Valmiki Jayanti is falling on 20th October 2021.
How is Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti celebrated?
Valmiki Jayanti is one of the famous Hindu festivals celebrated every year in the month of Ashwin on full moon day with great pomp across the country. On the occasion of Valmiki Jayanti, people take processions in many places by decorating the statue of “Maharishi Valmiki” and putting garlands on it. All devotees do dance on the bhakti songs. Bhajans of Shri Ram are sung on this occasion because this day is celebrated as a festival.
History of Maharshi Valmiki Jayanti:-
The history of Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti is very old. It is believed that this festival is being celebrated in his honor since the time of Ramayana. The story of Maharishi Valmiki’s life is very interesting and many such historical and mythological stories related to his life are famous. In many places, it is mentioned that Maharishi Valmiki was actually a Brahman and a Bhilani stole him or else in another account of this story it is said that a Bhilani found a child lying on the ant’s Bambi. She picked up that child and taken her home and named her Valmiki.
Similarly, there is another most important story related to his life. According to him, Valmiki Ji’s name was Ratnakar before becoming a Maharishi and he used to rob people to feed his stomach. Once he found Narada Muni in a deserted forest, Ratnakar tried to rob him by taking him captive. Then Narad Ji asked why do you do such reprehensible acts?
To this Ratnakar replied to feed his family. On this, Narad ji asked him whether the family for whom you commit so many sins would be ready to be a partner in this sinful act of yours. To know the answer to this question of Narada Muni, Ratnakar tied him to a tree and went to the home. After reaching home, he first asked his wife that the sin that I commit, are you with me in that sin? Then his wife said – Swami, you are the guardian of this family, then it is your duty, I have no part in this sin. Depressed by this answer of his wife, Ratnakar reached his father and asked him the same question, on this, his father said – son, this is your earning, we have no part in this sin.
Hearing all these things, the robber Ratnakar became very sad and started thinking that for whom he is committing this sin, those people are not ready to be a part of his sin. Saddened by these things, Ratnakar reached Narad Muni and fell at his feet and said, you were absolutely right, forgive me for this behavior of mine. Narad Muni raised Ratnakar and gave the knowledge of truth and told him – Listen Ratnakar, we get the result of the sins and virtues we do on this earth. You are responsible for these misdeeds of yours, you are also responsible for the sins you have committed earlier in your life and you will be responsible for whatever you do next.
Ratnakar was very impressed after hearing these words of Narada Muni and asked him the way to atone for his sins. On this Narada Muni advised him to chant the name of Ram. Because of committing so many sins, Ratnakar could not chant the name of Ram. Then Narad Muni asked him to chant Mara-Mara, thus while chanting Mara-Mara, Ratnakar started chanting the name of Rama. In this way, due to severe penance for years, his body was covered with ants and when he attained knowledge after his penance, he was called Valmiki for this reason. This story of his life is also known by the name “Ratnakar to Valmiki” by the people.