Guru Nanak Jayanti 2021 | Famous Sikh Guru
Guru Nanak Jayanti is one of the most famous festivals in the Sikh Community as Guru Nanak Dev Ji was the first Sikh Guru. The birth anniversary of Guru Nanak is celebrated as Prakash Parv, because Nanak Devji did the work of filling new light in the lives of people by removing the evils. To remove the evils prevailing in the society, he travelled far and wide without paying attention to his family life and happiness and worked towards removing the evils that had settled in the minds of the people. Guru Nanak Ji devoted his entire life to the service of humanity.
Guru Nanak Jayanti festival falls in Kartik month on the full moon day. Guru Nanak Dev had laid the foundation of Sikh society. Devotees also call Guru Nanak Dev by the names of Baba Nanak and Nanak Shah. Guru Nanak Dev was born on the day of Kartik Purnima and that is why this day is celebrated as Prakash Parv. On this day Prabhat Pheri is taken out early in the morning while chanting ‘Wahe Guru, Wahe Guru’. The process of religious rituals starts in the gurudwaras from the early morning itself. Which goes on till late at night. During this time people do Shabad-Kirtan and offer Rumala. In the evening, langar is organized.
Why is Guru Nanak Jayanti celebrated? :-
The people of the Sikh community celebrate the birth of Guru Nanak Dev as a festival. Which is known as Guru Parv, Prakash Parv or Guru Nanak Jayanti. Guru Nanak Dev was a divine soul. Those whose mind was not at all engaged in worldly activities, they used to spend most of their time in devotion and Satsang of God. His family was not very happy with these works.
Prabhu Nanak is also considered the founder of the Sikh sect. There was a great man and great religious promoter who saw and understood the ignorance arising in the world and also inspired the people to acquire knowledge to remove it. Due to his deeds, people started giving him the status of God and every year his birthday was celebrated as a big festival i.e. Guru Nanak Jayanti. This tradition has been going on for centuries.
When is Guru Nanak Jayanti in 2021:-
On the occasion of Guru Nanak Jayanti, we have seen a special celebration and official holiday in India. According to the Hindu Panchang, Guru Nanak Jayanti is falling on 19th November 2021.
Significance of Guru Nanak Jayanti :-
For any religious sect, the importance of the birth anniversary of their great men is very much. The importance of Guru Nanak Jayanti is immense in every sense. Because Guru Nanak Dev had established the Sikh sect and any sect person looks at his founder with great respect. Nanak Ji was called by names like Baba Nanak and Nanak Shah, he described morality, hard work and truth as the foundation of religion. Also named the Prarthana Katha Kirtan as a high worship method.
He was appointed as an officer in the year 1485, in the store of Daulat Khan Lodhi. But shortly after that, he started taking care of his father’s or ancestral shop. After getting huge profits in the beginning, the amount of credit in the business became very high and at one point they had to bear huge losses. But instead of hating anyone, he threw his credit record notebooks into the water. That is why the importance of Guru Nanak Jayanti is very much for people of every religion. The message of sacrifice and compassion comes from the life of Guru Nanak. Nanak Ji continued to serve the poor and backward throughout his life and elevate them through knowledge.
Through his logic and knowledge, he had openly challenged the evils growing in society. Through his radiance, the evils prevailing in the society started ending, that is why he was given the status of God. The importance of Guru Nanak Jayanti is also immense because Guru Nanak Ji believed in peace, harmony and brotherhood and used to feed every person who came to him. He believed that everyone is a form of God. In Sanatan culture, the glory of the Guru has been sung in every text, it is believed that without a Guru, knowledge and upliftment are impossible. The people of the Sikh community worship Guru Nanak as their Guru. By which their ego and ignorance are destroyed.
From a social point of view, the importance of Guru Nanak Jayanti is not less than anyone, because on the day of Guru Nanak Jayanti, the Sikh community gathers together to worship their idol. Due to which their brotherhood and harmony increase.
Birth of Guru Nanak Dev Ji:-
Guru Nanak Dev was born on 15 April 1469 on the day of Kartik Purnima in Talwandi (now Pakistan), which was a small village situated nearby the Ravi River. Nanak was of religious nature since childhood. Guru Nanak Dev never saw the face of worldly happiness. He always travelled the country and the world, preaching to the people and motivating them to live a high life.
He was married only at the age of 16 and blessed with a son at the age of 32. After a gap of four years, their second son Lakhmidas was born. Despite this, his mind did not remain in the household and in 1507, he went on many places of pilgrimage including his associates and disciples Mardana, Bala, Lahna, and Ramdas. He travelled to many other countries including India and also gave religious sermons there.
How is Guru Nanak Jayanti celebrated?:-
The teachings of Guru Nanak are remembered on the occasion of Guru Nanak Jayanti. For this, various events are also organized across the country. During this, the monolithic text is also done in many places. Which lasts for 48 hours. In this, the major chapters of the Guru Granth Sahib are recited. Apart from this, a day before Guru Nanak Jayanti, people of the Sikh community also perform Nagar Kirtan.
The festival of Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated on a large scale in North India for three days.
Day 1 – Akhand Path
The Gurudwaras are decorated with flowers and lights and not only in the Gurdwaras but also in the homes, the holy Guru Granth Sahib is recited for 48 hours non-stop. This ‘lesson’ ends on the morning of the birthday itself.
Day 2: Prabhat Pheri:-
One day before the festival, members of the Sikh community take part in Nagar Kirtan, a religious procession taken on this day that attracts people from all over the world. The procession is taken out with five people (known as ‘Panj Pyare’) and a Sikh flag. Devotees carry the Sikh flag, called ‘Nishan Sahib’, and walk in a palanquin adorning the Guru Granth Sahib while chanting holy hymns. Some Sikhs perform mock battles in traditional clothes with traditional Sikh weapons. The routes on which the event takes place are often decorated with various banners and flowers.
Day 3: Guru Nanak Jayanti
This is the main day of the Guru Nanak Jayanti festival which starts with the rendition of poems, hymns and quotes (asa-de-var). This all auspicious activity begins before sunrise in the morning. After this devotees do the Kirtans and Katha and hear the lecture of ‘Granth Sahib’. ‘Karha Prasad’ is distributed to all.
After this ‘Langar’ is served and the people sitting on the floor have a simple meal. Devotees help with cooking, serving and cleaning plates. This is called ‘Seva’. After sunset, prayer (Rehar) is recited, which lasts till late at night. At 1.20 am, the devotees sing ‘Gurbani’ to welcome the birth of Guru Guru Nanak Dev Ji. As a form of birthday celebration, firecrackers are lit. Thus this ceremony goes on till 2 in the midnight.
Sermons of Guru Nanak Deb Ji:-
Guru Nanak gave ten sermons to his followers which will remain relevant forever. He said that God is one and only one God should always be worshipped. He said that the doer of the world is present everywhere and those who worship the Almighty God have no fear of anyone. Nanakji preached that one should spend life by working hard and one should neither think about doing bad deeds nor should anyone be harassed. He also preached to be always happy and at the same time said that by earning hard work and honesty, something should be given to the needy also. Guru Nanak has said in his ten main teachings that all men and women are equal. He has said that food is necessary to keep the body alive, but greed-greed and hoarding are bad deeds.