Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2022 | Famous Sikh Guru
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti:- The birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh Ji is celebrated in the honor of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. He was born in the year 1666. He is considered to be the bravest warrior and guru of Sikhism. He did great things for Sikhism. He was the one who completed the Adi Shri Granth Sahib Ji. Guru Gobind Singh ji was born in Patna. His mother’s name was Gujari and his father’s name was Shri Tegh Bahadur, who was the ninth Guru of Sikhism. Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s name was Govind Rai in his childhood.
He became the tenth Sikh Guru after the ninth Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur. Guru Tegh Bahadur was publicly beheaded on the orders of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb because he refused to convert to Islam. Against this atrocity, Guru Gobind Singh founded a Sikh warrior community called Khalsa. Which marked an important event in the history of Sikhism. He also introduced the five articles famous as the five Kakar and commanded the Khalsa Sikhs to wear them at all times. Other contributions of the Guru include writing important treatises on Sikhism and holding the Guru Granth Sahib (Sikhism’s religious scripture) as the eternal living Guru of the Sikhs. (Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti)
How Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is celebrated?:-
Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. He did great things for Sikhism, poor and needy people. This is the reason people remember them and celebrate his birth anniversary with great joy and gaiety. On this day, people of the Sikh religion, after taking a bath in the morning, wearing new clothes, go to the Gurudwara to pay obeisance and wish for the happiness and prosperity of their family and relatives. Langar is also held in the Gurudwara, on this day people get to eat prasad. People enjoy and remember Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s songs, poems, and stories in the Gurdwara. People of Sikhism take out processions in cities, sing devotional songs. Gurbani Kirtan is performed on this day which are the teachings of Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Bhandara is held outside the Gurudwara. During Bhandara, delicious sweets, syrups are distributed to the people located there. (Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti)
Principles for Sikh people given by Guru Gobind Singh (Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti):-
After the formation of the Khalsa Panth, he changed his name from Guru Gobind Rai to Guru Gobind Singh. Guru Gobind Singh has explained the Khalsa religion in 5 important principles, Kesh, Kangha, Kachera, Kada, Kirpan. That is why the people associated with them keep these 5 things with them.
When is Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti in 2022:-
On the occasion of Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti, we have seen a special celebration and official holiday in India. According to the Hindu Panchang, Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is falling on 9th January 2022.
Some of the major battles fought by Guru Gobind Singh (Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti):-
The 10th Guru of the Sikhs, Gobind Singh Ji, along with his Sikh followers, fought many big battles against the Mughals. According to historians, Gobind Singh Ji fought 14 wars in his life, during which he had to lose some brave Sikh soldiers along with his family members. But Guru Gobind Ji continued his fight with bravery without stopping. The battles fought by Guru Gobind Singh are as follows –
- Battle of Bhangani (1688)
- First Battle of Anandpur (1700)
- Second Battle of Anandpur (1704)
- Battle of Sarsa (1704)
- Battle of Chamkaur (1704)
- Battle of Guler (1696)
- Battle of Nirmohgarh (1702)
- Battle of Nadaun (1691)
- Battle of Muktsar (1705) (Battle Of Muktsar)
- Battle of Basoli (1702) (Battle of Basoli)
Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Vachan:-
- True devotion to God is to love human beings.
- Guru Gobind Singh Ji says that I like only those who follow the path of truth.
- The person who is ignorant is completely blind. He doesn’t care about valuable things.
- There is no friend in this world except God, those people who serve God humbly while there they see and contemplate it.
- God created us so to do good things and remove the evil in the world.
Establishment of Khalsa Panth:-
It was Guru Gobind Singh Ji who founded the Khalsa Panth in 1699. To establish the Khalsa Panth, he had made five beloved and gave them the status of Guru and said that “where five Sikhs will gather, I will reside there only.” “Guru Gobind Singh Ji had declared himself as his follower i.e. disciple by conferring the post of Guru to the five beloved. The main objective of establishing the Khalsa Panth and making the five beloveds as gurus were to awaken the devotion of the society by purifying the mind, deeds and words of the individuals. Guru Gobind Singh Ji, along with five gurus, ended caste discrimination, spread the spirit of unity and equality among all religions and castes and also instilled a sense of self-respect among the people. (Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti)
Main Slogan of Guru Gobind Singh Ji:-
Guru Gobind Singh Ji started the tradition of applying the surname “Singh” in the Khalsa Panth and also raised a new slogan along with it. “Wahe Guru Ji Ka Khalsa, Wahe Guru Ji Ki Fateh”. This slogan has become a famous slogan of Sikhism today. Which is used by the people following Sikhism before starting every work.
History of Five Kakars:-
Guru Gobind Singh Ji was the son of a brave warrior, he himself was a brave warrior. His father Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Singh Ji had fought a lot of wars against the Mughal rulers. The wars in which his father was martyred. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was given the status of tenth Guru in 1699 only after Shri Tegh Bahadur Ji was martyred. Guru Gobind Singh Ji had also announced to take some mandatory duties to fight the war. Guru Gobind Singh Ji had declared to wear five Kakars as a necessity to face the situation of war. Sikh people wear these five Kakars even in today’s time and consider it their pride to wear them. Following are the information about the five types – (Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti)
- Kesh (Hair) – The first Kakar is Kesh (hair) which is considered to be the first of the five types. Which the Guru and Rishi Muni have been wearing and which is a symbol of their respect for every Sikh today.
- Kangha (comb) – The second Kakkar is a wooden comb to keep long hair healthy and clean.
- Kachera (Briefs) – The third Kakar of briefs has been told for agility in the body at the time of war.
- Kada (Thick metal ring) – Kada is also considered a symbol of unity in Sikhism and when needed, Sikhs also use it as a weapon. The Kada is always worn in the right hand only. Kada gives courage to the Sikhs.
- Kirpan (Sword) – Kripan is the fifth and last Kakar. It is necessary to keep it to protect yourself and others.
Significance of Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti:-
Guru Gobind Singh not only spread Sikhism, but through his education, he also spread the message of adopting the path of peace, love, unity, equality in the whole society. There was no material happiness for him. He never gave importance to money and property or state power. He always fought against injustice, Adharma and tyranny. He always said that war never depended on the number of soldiers, but on their own will. He also believed that the one who fights for the true principles is a warrior of religion and not the one who fights for power. God also makes him victorious, who is a warrior of religion.
Govind Singh Ji also raised his voice against evil practices like Sati, child marriage, polygamy, and feticide. Strongly opposed these evils and took the initiative to explain this to the public and bring them together in this revolution. He believed that the whole country and society should be tied in one thread so that steps can be taken smoothly in the creation of society. Guru Gobind Singh also raised a strong voice against the tyranny of the Mughal rulers. He fought 14 wars for the Sikh community. Guru Gobind Singh abolished the title of Dehdhari Guru. He declared that the Guru Vani and the Guru Granth Sahib would be of paramount importance to the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh also prepared some rules for the Khalsa warrior. He made rules that he would never use tobacco, never eat sacrificed meat, never talk to people who rival his successor. (Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti)
When did Guru Gobind Singh Ji die? (Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti):-
According to General Gur Sobha, Guru Gobind Singh had suffered a deep injury to his heart. Due to which he left his body on October 7, 1708, at Hazur Sahib Nanded, Nanded.
Compositions of Guru Gobind Ji (Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti):-
- Akal Ustat
- Khalsa Mahima
- Chandi Charitra
- Bachitra Natak
- Ath Pakhyan Charitra Likhyate
- Jaap Sahib
- Shastra Name Mala