Diwali 2021 | Famous Hindu Festival
Diwali is one of the main festivals of Hindus, which has great importance, and every Indian waits for this festival. It is a festival of lights that shows the victory over darkness. Lord Ganesha and Mata Lakshmi are worshipped on the day of Deepawali. Diyas are lit in homes on this day. Various types of Diwali lights, colourful Diwali lights are installed. People wear new clothes. In the evening sweets are distributed, people go to feasts. On this day, children get a variety of sweets to eat and burst crackers. Deepawali is actually a festival that goes for 5 days. This festival starts from Dhanteras itself and ends on Bhai Duj. According to the Hindu epic Ramayana, when Lord Rama, Sita Mata, and Lakshmana returned to Ayodhya after their 14 years of exile, since that time the festival of Diwali is celebrated.
Significance of Diwali festival:-
Diwali has a lot of importance in the country of India. This day is considered to symbolize the victory of good over evil. This day is celebrated in a very beautiful and traditional way. On the day of Deepawali, all devotees worship the goddess Lakshmi Ji, Saraswati Ji, and Lord Ganesha.
According to the Hindu epic Ramayana, the festival of Diwali is celebrated to celebrate the return of Lord Rama, Sita Mata, and Lakshmana to Ayodhya after 14 years and 2 months of exile. According to the epic Mahabharata, in some regions of India, the Deepawali festival is also celebrated to celebrate the return of Pandavas after their exile period. It is also believed that Goddess Lakshmi was born on this day while churning the ocean by gods and goddesses.
When is Diwali in 2021?:-
On the occasion of Deepawali, we have seen a special celebration and official holiday in India. According to the Hindu Panchang, Diwali is falling on 04th November 2021.
Diwali Pooja Muhurat:-
In the year 2021, Amavasya Tithi time will start from 06:03 AM on 04th November, and Diwali Pooja Muhurat will start by 06:09 PM to 08:04 PM.
Lakshmi Puja Muhurta : 06:09 pm to 08:04 pm
Duration: 1 hour 55 minutes
Pradosh Kaal : 5:34 pm to 08:10 pm
Taurus Period : 06:09 pm to 08:04 pm
Amavasya date starts – November 04, 2021 at 06:03 AM
Amavasya date ends – November 05, 2021 at 02:44 AM
The story behind the Diwali Festival (Diwali Background):-
India is a vast country with having different types of religions and all the religions have different rituals to celebrate any festival, and here below we have mentioned the some of stories behind the celebration of the Deepawali festival.
- Return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after his exile:-
When Lord Rama defeated Ravana in Tretayuga and returned to Ayodhya after fourteen years of exile, the hearts of the people of Ayodhya were ecstatic with the arrival of their dearest king. On that day Ayodhya people decided to do welcome Shri Ram, and the people of Ayodhya lit lamps (Diwali Diya) of ghee, this was the first Deepawali of India.
The day Shri Ram returned to Ayodhya, that night was the Amavasya of Kartik month, which means the moon was not visible in the sky at all. In such an atmosphere, the people of Ayodhya lit up the whole Ayodhya with the light of lamps (Diwali Diya) in the welcome of Lord Rama, as if they took down the stars on the earth itself. Since then the tradition of celebrating this day is going on in the form of Deepawali. According to religious beliefs, even today, on the day of Deepawali, Lord Rama, along with Lakshmana and wife Sita, travels to their exile in Chitrakoot and fulfils the wishes of the devotees. This is the reason that on the day of Deepawali, lakhs of devotees take a dip in the Mandakini river in Chitrakoot and circumambulate Kamadgiri and donate lamps (Diwali Diya).
- Narakasura killed by Lord Krishana:-
On the Charudashi, a day before Deepawali Lord Krishna killed the tyrant Narakasura. In this happiness, the next day on Amavasya, the people of Gokul celebrated happiness by lighting a lamp. In the south, the festival of Diwali is often celebrated to commemorate the victory over Narakasura, a powerful king of Assam who imprisoned thousands of residents. It was Shri Krishna who finally suppressed Narakasura and brought freedom to the prisoners. To commemorate this event, people of peninsular India get up before sunrise and mix kumkum or turmeric oil to make fake blood. As a symbol of the demon, crushing a bitter fruit with his feet, he lavishly pours the blood on the forehead of his head. Then they take an oil bath with religious rituals, apply sandalwood vaccine to themselves.
- Hiranyakashyap Slaughter:-
According to a legend, Hiranyakashipu was killed by Lord Vishnu. The demon king Hiranyakashipu, being displeased with the devotion of his son Prahlad to Vishnu, wanted to kill him. For this, he took many measures but he could not get success, then he got angry and picked up the knife and went to kill him himself. The demon king had a boon that he would die during the day, neither in the night, neither in the house nor outside, neither by weapon nor by the weapon. For this reason, he considered himself immortal.
It was the evening time of Kartik Amavasya. Prahlad, a devotee of Vishnu, was tied to a pillar. When the demon king struck with Khadga. So the pillar broke with a fierce roar and Lord Narasimha appeared. Like Sheesh Singh and rest body like a human. Neither the whole human, nor the whole animal, nor the weapon nor the weapon. Lord Narasimha killed the demon king only with his fingernail. All the people celebrated Diwali by lighting ghee lamps as they all were happy by the death of the demon king.
The Diwali Celebration reason in other religions:-
Diwali of Buddhism:-
When Gautam Buddha, the originator of Buddhism, returned to his home town Kapil Vastu after 17 years with his followers, he celebrated Diwali by lighting millions of lamps to welcome him. Along with this, during his first discourse, Mahatma Buddha had given a new dimension to Deepawali by preaching “Appo Deepo Bhava”.
Deepawali of Mohenjodaro Civilization:-
Baked earthen lamps (Diwali Diya) have been found in the excavations of the Indus Valley Civilization and in the excavations of the Mohenjodaro civilization of 500 BC, vaults were made to hold the lamps and there was a series of niches to illuminate the main gate. According to a clay idol found in the remains of the Mohenjodaro civilization, Deepawali was celebrated even at that time. In that idol, lamps are seen burning on both sides of the mother-goddess.
Deepawali of Jainism:-
Lord Mahavir, the twenty-fourth Tirthankar of Jainism, also left his body on the day of Deepawali at Pawapuri, Bihar. Mahavir-Nirvana Samvat begins on its second day. Therefore, in many provinces, it is considered the beginning of the year. The description of Deepotsav is found in ancient Jain texts. It has been said in the Kalpasutra that the Antarjyoti which has been extinguished forever with Mahavir-Nirvana, let us light a lamp symbolizing the exorcism to compensate for it.
Deepawali of Sikhs:-
In the Sikh community Diwali also has importance as in 1577, at Amritsar, it was the day when the Sikh foundation put the first stone for the Golden Temple. And apart from this, on the day of Deepawali in 1618, the sixth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Hargobind Singh, was released from the prison of Emperor Jahangir.
Deepawali of Gupta Dynasty:-
After the fall of the Maurya dynasty, the Deepawali of the Gupta dynasty- Emperor Chandragupta 2nd had defeated three lakh Shakas and Huns in battle on the very day of Diwali, 269 years before Christ. In whose happiness the people of his state celebrated by lighting innumerable lamps (Diwali Diya). Emperor Samudra Gupta, Ashokaditya, Priyadarshan had announced their Digvijay on the day of Diwali itself.
Diwali Puja Method:-
There is a law to worship Lakshmi, Ganesh, and Saraswati on Deepawali. Along with this, Lord Rama and Sita are also worshipped. Lord Ganesha is worshipped first because without worshipping Ganesha, any worship is considered incomplete, and Mata Saraswati is worshipped because knowledge is worshipped along with wealth and accomplishment. On this special day, devotees should be worshipped with a sincere heart by lighting a lamp in the name of Lord Ganesha and Mata Mahalakshmi.
- Devotees should wake up early and take bath and give up their laziness. It is said that Lakshmi resides where there is cleanliness and energy. In the evening, tie Roli on the photo or idol of Lakshmi Ji.
- Keep six four-faced and 26 small lamps. Put oil in the lamp and light it. Then worship with water, molly, rice, fruits, gur, abir, gulal, incense, etc. duly. Worship should be done by men first and then by women. After worship, keep one lamp each in the corners of the house.
- Keep a small and a four-faced lamp and worship Lakshmi with the following mantra:
“नमस्ते सर्वदेवानां वरदासि हरेः प्रिया.
या गतिस्त्वत्प्रपन्नानां सा मे भूयात्वदर्चनात॥”
After this worship, duly worship the idols of Ganeshji and Laxmiji in the vault. After this, sing the aarti of Maa Lakshmi ji with the family. After the worship, distribute the offerings of Kheel Batash to everyone.
Happy Diwali Wishes & Messages:-
During this festival, people love to share the best Happy Diwali wishes to each other through phone messages, Chatting Apps, Facebook, and also share handmade Diwali Greeting cards.
All people look for the best Happy Diwali wishes messages, Diwali Images, and photos over the internet. After doing a lot of online research people select beautiful messages and images to share with their relatives and loved ones. It gives happiness when people get all types of wishing messages and images.
Rangoli Design for Diwali:-
During this festival, people decorate their house, office, nearby places and Rangoli is the best option to do the outdoor attractive decoration. Choosing Rangoli Design for the Diwali festival is the best and very difficult because Diwali Rangoli should be eye-catching. This is the reason people search out over the internet to get Diwali Rangoli Design / Rangoli for Diwali / Rangoli Designs for Diwali. After getting such Diwali Rangolies design they make that rangoli at the office or home. In many of the places, we have seen a “Rangoli Design for Diwali” competition and the winner gets rewarded.
Deepawali Rangoli Design 1
Deepawali Rangoli Design 2
Deepawali Rangoli Design 3
On this day, people buy different types of Diwali crackers to celebrate this day. In the Indian market, you will get many types of Diwali crackers for children and adults and nowadays eco-friendly Diwali crackers are also seen in the market which reduce the pollution impact on our environment.
Questions and answers related to Diwali:-
Is the festival of Diwali celebrated in India only?
No, the festival of Deepawali is celebrated differently in India as well as in other countries.
When is the festival of Diwali celebrated every year?
This festival comes in the month of October or November month in every year.
In what form is this festival of India celebrated?
In India, the festival of Deepawali is celebrated in the form of the victory of light over darkness, which is celebrated very happily.
Which god is mainly worshiped in the festival of Diwali?
Lord Ganesha and Mata Lakshmi Ji are worshiped on the auspicious occasion of Deepawali.
Why is the festival of Diwali celebrated in India?
According to the Hindu epic Ramayana, when Lord Rama, Sita Mata, and Lakshmana returned to Ayodhya after their 14 years of exile, since that time the festival of Deepawali is celebrated.
Is Diwali celebrated in the same form in different states of India?
Yes, almost the same but few of the states celebrate it differently according to their religion and culture.
Why devotees worship Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha on Deepawali?
Worship of Mata Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha has a special significance in Deepawali, because Mother Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth, and Lord Ganesha, wisdom and prudence, it is very important to have the discretion to make good use of wealth. That is the reason devotees worship Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha on this day.