Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti
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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti 2022 | Famous Day

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti:- Whenever it comes to the Maratha Empire, the name of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj comes first. Shivaji Maharaj was a fearless, intelligent and brave emperor. He was very kind. He was born in a Maratha family. Shivaji Maharaj was brave and a kind emperor. His father’s name was Shahaji. His mother’s name was Jijabai and she was a woman with religious ideologies. She taught Shivaji Maharaj to live fearlessly with religious education. As a child, he was very fond of reading Ramayana and Mahabharata.

When he was in teen age at that time India was under the Mughals. Shivaji could not tolerate the tyranny of the Mughal rulers on Hindus and he fought many battles from an early age. He further strengthened the Maratha Empire. Shivaji Maharaj is one of the popular emperors. The whole country still remembers him for his bravery, and the birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is celebrated every year in his honour on his birthday, February 19. This day is specially celebrated in Maharashtra. For this, there is also a restricted holiday in Maharashtra.

 

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Childhood:-

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was born on 19 February 1630 in the Shivneri Fort of Pune. The real name of Veer Shivaji was Shivaji Bhosale. Shahji Bhosale was the father of the great Shivaji Maharaj and his mother’s name was Jijabai Bhosale. Chhatrapati Shivaji’s father was the commander of the army of the Sultan of Bijapur. In his childhood, Shivaji Maharaj was taught the tricks of politics and war by his grandfather Maloji Bhosale. Mother Jijabai gave the knowledge of religious texts to Shivaji. When Shivaji Bhosle was 15 years old, he used to play the game of fort captive with his friends.

 

Courageous Since Childhood:-

Shivaji Maharaj used to study Ramayana, Mahabharata and many heroic stories from childhood. His mother used to tell similar stories to him. When he used to play sports in his childhood, he used to become a leader and showed courage. He was so courageous that at the age of fourteen, he started fighting with the Nizams and established his authority over their fort. He had taken a vow to make the Maratha power more powerful.

 

Education of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:-

He spent his childhood under the guidance of his mother Jijabai Saheb. He was an expert in all arts and in his childhood he also took the education of politics and war. Under the tutelage of Dadoji Kondadeo, he was also made proficient in all kinds of topical warfare etc. Proper education was also provided about religion, culture and politics. He was much familiar with Indian history and politics. Shivaji Maharaj’s guru was Guru Ramdas Ji and he taught him the lesson of protecting the mother and birthplace. Guruji asked them to organize the Marathas and liberate the motherland from foreign slavery.

 

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti

 

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Life History:-

As Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj grew older, so did the responsibilities of advancing the Hindu and Maratha empires on Shivaji. With the same responsibilities, Shivaji’s power and intelligence also started increasing. Shivaji Maharaj started fighting in the year 1646 at the age of 17. While fighting the war, Veer Shivaji conquered forts like Torna, Chakan, Kondana, Thane, Kalyan and Bhiwandi from Mulla Ahmed and included them in the Maratha Empire. This activity caused a stir in the empire of Adil Shah. Seeing the power of Shivaji, Adil Khan started panicking. Chhatrapati Shivaji’s father Shahji Bhosale was the Chief of Army Staff in his army. He made Shah Ji captive to stop Shivaji. Seeing this, Shivaji did not fight with Adil Shah for many years.

Within those years Shivaji strengthened his army and added Deshmukhs to his side. Shivaji Bhosale had prepared a huge army within those years. This army was divided into two different factions. Cavalry and army were present in the army. The command of the cavalry was in the hands of Netaji Palkar. The army was headed by Yashaji Kalk. At that time there were 40 forts under Shivaji’s empire. In this way, he continued to strengthen his army and keep serving India and all Maratha’s. This great patriotic died on April 3, 1680.

 

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Marriage of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:-

He was married to Saibai Nimbalkar in the year 1640. Their son’s name was Sambhaji. Sambhaji’s got the same nature as his father Shivaji Maharaj had. Like his father, he was also a determined person with strong willpower. Sambhaji Maharaj held the empire from 1680 to 1689. Yesubai is the name of the wife of Sambhaji Maharaj. Later his sons became the heirs of the Maratha Empire.

 

Coronation (Rajyabhishek) of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:-

After defeating Shaista Khan, Shivaji fought with the warrior Jai Singh sent by the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb. Shivaji was defeated in this war. After the defeat, Shivaji had to give 23 forts to the Mughal Sultanate. After a few years of defeat, Shivaji had won back all his 23 forts by fighting. At that time Aurangzeb did not have Jai Singh. So he sent his 2 warriors Daud Khan and Mohabbat Khan to defeat Shivaji in the war, but both of them also failed. Meanwhile, the Sultan of Bijapur died. And the Bijapur Sultanate began to weaken. On 6 June 1674, the coronation of Veer Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj took place in Raigad. Centuries later, a king in India was coronated according to Hindu customs. Shivaji Maharaj was a great warrior and a wise ruler. He had ended caste discrimination in the Maratha Empire. Chhatrapati Shivaji built the first navy in India. Due to the good deeds of Shivaji, he got the title of Chhatrapati.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti

 

War with Afzal Khan by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:-

This was the most famous and important event of Shivaji’s life. In 1659, the Badi Sahiba of Bijapur sent Afzal Khan with 10,000 soldiers to attack Shivaji Raje. It is believed that Afzal Khan was twice as powerful as Shivaji. But power is not everything. Intelligence is the greatest wealth of man. Afzal Khan was very ruthless. Before the war, Afzal Khan broke many temples from Bijapur to Pratapgarh Fort and killed many innocent people. He thought that if I destroy the temple then Shivaji will come out. The same thing happened, Shivaji Maharaj’s army fought a guerrilla war with Afzal Khan.

When Afzal Khan saw Shivaji’s upper hand in the war, he gave a ceasefire and offered to meet Shivaji. After the meal, Afzal Khan wanted to kill Shivaji on the pretext of hugging him, but Shivaji was wearing iron armour. Out of which the knife could not pass through. As soon as this conspiracy was suspected, Shivaji killed Afzal Khan with his dagger.

 

Guru of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj :-

Guru Ramdas Ji was the spiritual teacher of Shivaji Maharaj. His guru has an important contribution to the character development of Shivaji Maharaj. Guru Ramdas Ji was the founder of ‘Hindu Pad Padshahi’. He had composed a book called ‘Dasbodh’ in the Marathi language. He established 1100 monasteries (Math) and Akharas (Arena) all over India. He was a great devotee of Hanuman Ji.

Shivaji Maharaj’s guru taught him the lesson of protecting the mother and birthplace. Guruji asked them to organize the Marathas and liberate the motherland from foreign slavery. Shivaji Maharaj’s patron grandfather Kondev, apart from religious texts, taught Shivaji the art of warfare. Therefore, Jijamata, Guru Ramdas Ji and Grandfather Kondev had a combined influence on the character formation of Shivaji Maharaj. Shivaji Maharaj was a worshiper of Lord Shankar and Tulja Bhavani. It is said that Mother Tulja Bhavani herself appeared and presented the sword to Shivaji. That sword is still kept in the Museum of London.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti

 

The arrest of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s father:-

The rulers of Bijapur were troubled to hear about this unstoppable incarnation of Shivaji Maharaj. He wanted to arrest Shivaji Maharaj. But in this case, he could not succeed. When the rulers of Bijapur could not take him captive, they arrested his father. After getting this news, Shivaji Maharaj went out of his mind. Then Shivaji Maharaj freed his father from captivity. Emperor Adilshah of Bijapur ordered Shivaji Maharaj to be captured alive or dead. He sent Afzal Khan to kill Shivaji Maharaj. But Afzal Khan failed in his intention and Shivaji Maharaj killed Afzal Khan with a weapon called tiger claw. Finding Afzal Khan dead, his army and general also fled. After the death of Afzal Khan, the army of Bijapur had to bear the brunt and the Raja of Bijapur had to accept the proposal of a peace treaty. Shivaji Maharaj defeated the Mughals in the war on 6 June 1674.

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