Bhagat Singh Jayanti 2021 | Famous Indian Freedom Fighter
Gave the revolutionary slogans of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ and ‘imperialism Murdabad’ to the countrymen, today is the birth anniversary of Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh, who gave a decisive turn in Jung-e-Azadi. Bhagat Singh is a revolutionary symbol not only of India but of the common heritage of the entire Indian subcontinent. He has given unforgettable sacrifices to his motherland. He was the bravest and greatest freedom fighter in Indian history.
About Bhagat Singh’s birth and family:-
Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907 in Lyalpur Banga, undivided India, he was involved in revolutionary activities since childhood. The environment of the family he was born in was such that he had to become a revolutionary. His grandfather was Arjun Singh Aryasamaji and two uncles Swarn Singh and Ajit Singh had devoted their lives to the freedom struggle. Not only this, his father Kishan Singh was working with Congress Party. That is, the whole rite of childhood in Bhagat Singh is a big contribution of his entire family.
Bhagat Singh Joined in the revolutionary organization:-
Apart from family rites, he had a deep fascination for the revolutionary movement of the Ghadar Party. In particular, Shaheed Kartar Singh Sarabha was his idol, whose picture he always kept in his pocket. It was the passion to do something for the country that Bhagat Singh left his home at the age of sixteen.
First joined the revolutionary organization ‘Naujawan Bharat Sabha’ and after some time he joined ‘Hindustan Socialist Republican Association’. Bhagat Singh and Bhagwati Charan Vohra were instrumental in establishing the ‘Naujawan Bharat Sabha’. He established branches of this organization in different cities of Punjab. It would also be necessary to inform that the ‘Socialist’ word was attached with ‘Hindustan Socialist Republican Association’ after his proposal.
Bhagat Singh was a good Reader & Writer:-
Bhagat Singh’s first arrest was in May 1927, and the aim of this arrest was to stop his revolutionary activities. But the British rule could not break his spirits. He and Batukeshwar Dutt made their arrest on April 8, 1929, by throwing bombs in the Central Assembly against the British Government’s ‘Public Safety Bill’ and ‘Trade Disputes Bill’. The purpose of throwing a bomb was not to kill anyone, to open the ears of the deaf British rule.
The books ‘History of the Revolutionary Movement in India’, ‘The Ideal Socialism’, ‘At the Door of Death’ and his biography were written in the difficult conditions of prison. Bhagat Singh not only protected the revolutionary movement from inside the jail, but also gave him ideological clarity.
The manner in which he resisted British colonialism during the trial proceedings is also an example in itself. From the hunger strike in jail to the freedom struggle fighters in jail demanding the status of political prisoners and using the court as a platform to spread their revolutionary ideas across the country, it was Bhagat Singh’s thoughtful strategy in which they were successful too.
Death Sentence to Bhagat Singh:-
On October 7, 1930, the British government sentenced Bhagat Singh to death by hanging the bugle of revolution against the government. On March 23, 1931, five months after the sentencing, he was hanged along with two companions Sukhdev and Rajguru. On March 3, he sent a letter to his younger brother Kulatar, and presented his feelings in this way –
“उसे ये फ़िक्र है हरदम, नया तर्ज़-ए-ज़फ़ा क्या है
हमें ये शौक है देखें, सितम की इन्तिहा क्या है
…हवा में रहेगी मेरे खयाल की बिजली
ये मुश्ते खाक है फानी, रहे न रहे।’’
He did not get distracted at the execution and hanged himself for martyrdom, was a zealous young man who had died for his homeland. He had a dream with a patriotic spirit in his heart. There was a picture of future India. In order to make it true, he sacrificed his life to the country. Fifteen days before the execution, he told one of his companions –
“If I am released, I will become a trouble for the British. If I died wearing a garland of smiles, every mother of India would like to make her child Bhagat Singh and thus hundreds of brave people would be born in the freedom struggle, then it would be very difficult for this evil force to stop this march of revolution.”
He was not only revolutionary, but was also a visionary, dreamer, and thinker. He had an amazing ability to analyze social problems from a scientific, historical point of view. He said-
“The toiling masses will not get any relief in the coming freedom.”
Not only this, in a letter written to his mother, he said-
“Mother, I have absolutely no doubt in this matter, one day my country will be free. But I am afraid that the black/brown sahib is going to sit in the vacant chair of ‘Gore Saheb’.”